What types of cancer affects females?

Cancer is scary, however, early detection and timely treatment is the key to cure and management.

Here we will be discussing what types of cancer that mainly affects the women. Some types of cancers are found mostly in women:

  1. Breast cancer
  2. Colon cancer
  3. Ovarian cancer
  4. Skin cancer
  5. Lung cancer

Breast cancer: It is the most common type of cancer. It can occur at any age but mostly older women are at higher risk. There are certain risk factors that may increase the condition in women:

  • Had greater than an average number of menstrual periods (starting before 12 years of age reaching the menopause after the 55 years of age).
  • Had no pregnancies
  • Taken birth control pills
  • Heavy drinker

Every woman should be aware of this condition and the early sing and symptoms of the condition. The best way to reduce the chance of the breast cancer is catching it early when it is small and has not spread. Older women of 55 years of age should keep a check on their breast by taking mammograms every 2 years.

All women should be aware of how their normal breast look like and report to the health care provider if experience any change in size, the shape of the breast.

Ovarian cancer: It is a type of cancer that mainly affects older women. The risk factors that may increase the chance of the condition in women are:

  • Had no children
  • Have unexplained infertility
  • Used estrogen alone for the hormone replacement therapy
  • Family history of colon or ovarian or colon cancer

If you experience any of these symptoms for more than a week, you should consult the doctor immediately:

  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Problem indigestion like gas, bloating and loss of appetite
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Feeling like to urinate all the time

Regular health examination of the pelvis is the best choice to detect it early.

Colon cancer: Colon cancer (a cancer of the colon, located at the lower end of the digestive tract) mostly affects older women of age 50 years. The risk factors that may increase the chance of the colon cancer are:

  • Family history of the colon cancer or polyps
  • Overweight
  • Diet of high-fat food
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol drinkers
  • Being inactive

Early detection is the best bet to improve the chances of survival and possibility of a cure. The test may be helpful to find out the polyps (located on the lining of the colon with a small clump of the cell) before they become abnormal and regular colonoscopy screening may help to look for the polyp.

Firstly knowing about cancer may lower the chance of cancer. Secondly, find the condition as early as possible before it spreads. Eating healthy food such as plenty of fruits and vegetables may limit the chance of cancer. Try to have regular health checkups and cancer screening test once in a year.